2017 February 24
February 27, 2017
Professor James Moody
Department of Sociology, Duke University
The Structural Dynamics of Groups and Roles in Early Adolescent Friendship Networks
A fundamental aspect of school life rests on the collective substructures of peer networks. We examine two intersecting substructures here: peer groups defined as dense communities of close friends and role positions, defined on the pattern of ties one is embedded within, which are closely aligned with the school status structure. Combined, these two dimensions define the social field of a school for adolescents. Despite intense policy interest in “peer pressure” and theoretical interests in generalizations of fields, there is little basic descriptive information on the life-history of these key social network substructures in real-world networks, in part due to lack of available data and appropriate methods. Here, we describe the dynamics of groups and roles in dynamic data on 6 waves of peer network data in a way that lets us see the simultaneous emergence of behavior homophily and status stability.
Bio: James Moody is the Robert O. Keohane professor of sociology at Duke University. He has published extensively in the field of social networks, methods, and social theory. His work has focused theoretically on the network foundations of social cohesion and diffusion, with a particular emphasis on building tools and methods for understanding dynamic social networks. He has used network models to help understand school racial segregation, adolescent health, disease spread, economic development, and the development of scientific disciplines.
LERC’s Equity in the Economy Initiative is excited to announce the release of our new report: “The Impact on Oregonians of the Rise of Irregular Scheduling.” The report was coauthored by University Oregon Sociologist Ellen Scott, PSU Economist Mary C. King, LERC Faculty, Raahi Reddy. The groundbreaking study reveals the prevalence and experience of irregular scheduling practices in employment for nearly 750 Oregonians. People working in the jobs most impacted by unpredictable scheduling are more likely than the general workforce to have children at home and significant family responsibility for their care.
Key findings include:
- 1 in 6 survey respondents had less than 24 hour notice of their shifts.
- 44% of survey respondents have worked back to back shifts, such as closing one day and opening the next day.
- 73% (499) are expected to have open availability to work to obtain more hours or a better schedule.
- 73% percent of our survey respondents were notified of their work schedule fourteen or fewer days in advance.
- Nearly three-quarters of respondents’ work schedules were subject to change after they were posted.
“Based on our interviews, Oregon workers, especially low-wage workers, lack the predictability and control over work schedules needed to effectively juggle the demands of caregiving, make ends meet each month and explore opportunities to further their education and skills,” said Ellen Scott, of the University of Oregon Sociology Department.
Raahi Reddy said: “Over the past three years, twenty-three state and city jurisdictions have taken up the issue of fair scheduling in some form. As public awareness of the impact of these practices increases so too will the demand for fair scheduling policies that help workers and their families find the stability they need to thrive.”
The link to the report can be found here: The Impact on Oregonians of the Rise of Irregular Scheduling