Congratulations to Dr. Richard York on the publication of his article, “Poultry and fish and aquatic invertebrates have not displaced other meat sources,” in the high-impact journal Nature Sustainability! In this paper, Dr. York identifies an empirical puzzle of global environmental consequence regarding the production and consumption of animal meats and applies the “displacement paradox” – a concept he identified with energy use nearly a decade ago – to this puzzle of meat consumption. The Academic Times describes Dr. York’s analysis in their recent write-up:
Chicken, fish and aquatic invertebrate foods such as mussels and scallops produce relatively less carbon and are relatively less resource-intensive in the food production system than beef, mutton, goat, buffalo, and pork. But even though the consumption of pigs, fish and aquatic invertebrates doubled over the study period, and chicken consumption increased fivefold, other meat consumption remained steady. “Consumption,” notably, means foods produced and sold for human food, and thus include the 17% of food the U.N. says is wasted. Notably, food waste also drives the climate crisis.
In his statistical analysis, York said he measured consumption per capita, “so we take care of population growth, which will of course lead to more food consumption. I control for gross domestic product, affluence – you know, people get richer, they change their diet – urbanization. I control for a variety of things, and then I look at, if you have a rise in poultry consumption in nations, does that have an effect on how much consumption of other meat is happening? The finding is, it doesn’t.”
These results are sure to stimulate ongoing research and public consideration. If you would like to read more about this engaging and important work, check out Dr. York’s Behind the Paper piece with Springer Nature.
A recent report on Gen Z renters (those born between 1997 and 2012) shows that the trending locations preferred by Gen Z are small towns in the heartland, in the Midwest as well as in parts of the South, according to data analysis by RentCafe. The authors interview UO Professor Jill Ann Harrison (Sociology), who explains that
“Younger people are willing to trade off living in a crowded, bustling city for having more space at home. Many of these Heartland places are also much closer to their hometowns, too, enabling a tighter intergenerational connection which is more valued among younger adults today than with Gen X.”
The full report, including more of Professor Harrison’s expert commentary, can be read on the RentCafe blog.
Costly Failure: new report co-authored by UO Sociology doctoral candidate tackles online charter schools
A new report from In the Public Interest that argues that California is wasting over $600 million a year on nonclassroom-based charter schools is gaining national attention with its recent mention in the Washington Post.
The report is co-authored by UO Associate Professor Gordon Lafer (Labor Education & Research Center) and doctoral candidate Larissa Petrucci (Sociology), alongside co-authors from In the Public Interest, and reveals that despite the high costs of these nonclassroom-based programs paid by California taxpayers, the educational outcomes of online charter schools are significantly below the state average, by every measure.
The full report can be found at costlyfailure.org.
Published in December 2020 and coedited by UO’s Professor Ryan Light and Professor James Moody (BS ’92) of Duke University, The Oxford Handbook of Social Networks is an important collection on the study of social networks.
“Despite the rapid spread of interest in social network analysis, few volumes capture the state-of-the-art theory, methods, and substantive contributions featured in this volume. This Handbook therefore offers a valuable resource for graduate students and faculty new to networks looking to learn new approaches, scholars interested in an overview of the field, and network analysts looking to expand their skills or substantive areas of research.”
We proudly celebrate Professor Light’s contribution to this important Oxford Handbook and for keeping the study and understanding of social networks so central to UO Sociology!
“Getting used to things is just what humans do. It’s what has allowed most of us to get through the constant upheavals and wild news of 2020. But for severe, global problems, psychic numbing can have dangerous implications. It could mean that we ignore the roughly 250,000 people estimated to die annually of climate change-related causes by 2030; or that, in the age of COVID-19, people start to forget about the pandemic, flout social distancing rules, and spread the disease…
…But even though the Norwegians knew about global warming, Norgaard argued that they lived in a kind of “double reality,” both accepting — and almost completely ignoring — the melting ice caps and disappearing snow. They spent their days, she wrote, “thinking about more local, manageable topics.”
The full article is available for free on https://grist.org.
Dr. Liévanos was selected as a recipient of the Excellence in Remote Teaching Award for Spring 2020. This award recognizes and rewards innovation and creativity under such challenging circumstances to those who implemented positive learning experiences using the remote format. Dr. Liévanos stood out for his innovations, care, and responsiveness to students during a term where everyone was working hard under immense pressures. His advocacy for underrepresented students and the way he managed classroom communications were equally exceptional.
Dr. Balogun was selected as a recipient of the 20-21 Fund for Faculty Excellence award. This prized UO award recognizes and rewards nationally competitive faculty who have a record of distinction in their quality of scholarship and creative accomplishment, contribution to their respective field, and contribution to the university, and provides top faculty members with salary supplements or research support to recognize world-class research. Dr. Balogun’s her recent work includes the publication of her book Beauty Diplomacy: Embodying an Emerging Nation (Stanford University Press, 2020), and a co-edited a volume (with Lisa Gilman, Melissa Graboyes, and Habib Idrissu) titled Africa Every Day: Fun, Leisure, and Expressive Culture on the Continent (Ohio University Press, 2019).
Our department could not be more proud of our excellent faculty and all of their many contributions to sociology and to society. Congratulations again to both Professors Liévanos and Balogun for their achievements!
Professor John Bellamy Foster wins the Deutscher Memorial Prize 2020 for his latest book, The Return of Nature
Just 18 months ago, UO Sociology Professor John Bellamy Foster was rightly honored with the UO Outstanding Career Award. This latest honor, the Isaac and Tamara Deutscher Memorial Prize, is global in scope and puts Dr. Foster and his work alongside the company of a very small number of intellectuals worldwide.
This award is a cherished honor for anyone whose scholarship engages the interdisciplinary and rich domains of Marxism. The list of past recipients includes notable geographers, cultural theorists, historians, economists, sociologists, and more. The prize is further testimony to the genius and hard work of our colleague, John Bellamy Foster.
The Return of Nature (2020, Monthly Review Press) is an epic genealogy of ecological and socialist thought, charting an historical dialectic that unearths the scientific and aesthetic trajectories of ecosocialism. Over nearly 700 pages, Dr. Foster uncovers a long history of efforts to unite issues of social justice and environmental sustainability that will help us comprehend and counter today’s unprecedented planetary emergencies.
Dr. Foster describes the legacy of the award and its role in UO Sociology as follows:
The Deutscher Prize has been a beacon for me ever since the early 1970s, when I first read Istvan Mészáros’s Marx’s Theory of Alienation, which was the 1970 winner. Mészáros later became a close friend. The very first prize, though, was given in 1969 to Martin Nicolaus for his The Unknown Karl Marx associated with his translation of Marx’s Grundrisse, which was published soon after.Interestingly, it was Nicolaus, chosen by the left caucus, who gave the big lecture that same year, in May 1969, to the ASA, marking the coming to be of critical sociology and end of the hegemony of functionalist sociology, which had dominated in the post-Second World War years. Some of those who were later to become UO faculty played key roles in those events, which also marked the birth that same year of The Insurgent Sociologist (now Critical Sociology) long housed in our department. Ever since, with lots of ups and down, UO Sociology has retained its reputation as a bastion for critical sociologies.For me, therefore, this prize is tied up with a whole history that has made the discipline what it is today, in which our department over the years has played a crucial role. And of course, the Deutscher Memorial Prize, as the premier international prize associated with Marxian thought today, symbolizes our department’s long contribution to this area especially, encompassing the contributions of numerous important scholars who have walked our halls.
Please join us in congratulating Dr. Foster on this most recent academic and professional accomplishment, and for his extraordinary contributions to sociology and to our department!
In solidarity with Black communities within and beyond the United States, as well as with various academic communities and the American Sociological Association, we emphatically assert that Black lives matter.
We recognize the dignity and humanity of every Black person. We mourn the murder of all black people, notably Ahmaud Arbery, Breonna Taylor, and George Floyd but also countless others.
We condemn police brutality and racism that reflect the anti-Blackness pervasive throughout the world. We lend our voices to the chorus of people who have protested in the streets around the world in support of Black lives and racial justice, following the acquittal of Trayvon Martin’s killer in 2013 and George Floyd’s murder on May 25, 2020.
We demand action at every level of government to hold accountable every police officer who violates the law and the rights of others. In particular, we call for robust federal assistance to convince and enable local and state governments to restructure police union contracts and to hold the police accountable to the individuals and communities that they serve.
As sociologists, we recognize that the anti-Blackness associated with police brutality is part of a systemic racism that is rooted in the United States’ original sins of slavery and settler colonialism. This complex of attitudinal, cultural, and structural racism has been renewed in many forms throughout the nation’s history. This includes the racial disparities in COVID-19 illnesses and deaths; the ongoing dispossession and erasure of Indigenous lands and peoples; the increase in anti-Asian hate crimes resulting from efforts to blame China for COVID-19; and recent immigration policies that target Latinx individuals and communities, separate children from their parents, bar refugees from entering the country, and inflict unnecessary suffering upon countless migrants.
As a department, we understand the recent protests across the nation as a reflection of the pain, anger, and profound injustice stemming from centuries of white supremacist violence and oppression that is systemically organized through economic, political, and social institutions. We recognize that making the university more inclusive for communities of color is a responsibility that should not fall solely or even primarily on the shoulders of students, faculty, and staff of color who already experience the heavy weight of racial inequities and hostilities in our community and at the university.
Accordingly, we rededicate ourselves to rooting out anti-Blackness and racism in our own midst, whether it is found in our canon, our syllabi, our admissions committees, our hiring committees, our advising and mentoring, our institutional and professional service, or our citation and co-authorship patterns. Furthermore, we pledge to identify specific actions that push beyond self-education, diversity training, and campus programming and toward advocating for antiracist policies and structural changes at the University of Oregon and the State of Oregon.
A new piece on the independent news site The Conversation by UO Sociology alumna Dr. Autumn Greene, discusses the scarcity of student housing for students with children while highlighting the efforts UO and other US universities have made to create community for this population.
Dr. Greene is working on a number of projects relating to access and equity in higher education. As a research scientist at Wellesley College, Dr. Greene has shown how policies make significant differences for students who also juggle parenting.
Dr. Greene is now co-leading the Oregon Student Parent Success Coalition, which is a group of statewide and national experts who are working to help move an initiative and legislative bill forward that would initiate data collection on parenting status for all Oregon public university students.